Four Somali refugees tell their story. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is still very concerned about the situation in one of the world’s most congested camp complexes in Dadaab, in north-eastern Kenya. MSF has been providing medical care for a year in Dagahaley camp and while there have been some improvements during that time, the overcrowding is still very worrying. Refugees are only receiving the bare minimum to survive.
Click here to launch the mini-site, "Somalia: A day in Dadaab" “In one year, we have seen improvements. Refugees are now receiving the full ration of food and receive some basic non-food-items, but there’s a clear need for more water and more space,” explains Duncan Bell, field coordinator in Dagahaley camp. “Although there has been an increase in the number of litres of water per person per day, people are still only getting 15 litres of water per day!” “Congestion is a huge problem,” adds Duncan. “The relevant agencies and the government are trying to find a solution; but urgent action needs to be taken to bring forward the opening of a fourth camp or the extension of an existing camp as soon as possible”. Set-up in the 1990’s to receive 90,000 people, the three camps are now inhabited by almost three times that number. Health facilities are over-stretched and the massive concentration of refugees into such a small area is a public health time bomb. Every month, thousands more Somalis are crossing the officially closed border between Kenya and Somalia, to seek refuge, putting the capacity of the existing three camps under severe pressure. Today, over 260,000 people are living in the Dadaab camp complex. “As long as this situation prevails in Somalia, MSF cannot foresee that the influx of Somalis seeking refuge will reduce. We have been here for a year now, and we think the conditions in the camps are still unacceptable,” continues Duncan Bell. MSF is providing primary and secondary health care to over 100,000 inhabitants of the Dagahaley camp. In 2009, MSF teams treated more than 67,000 people, including 2,245 malnourished children. MSF also provides an integrated mental health project. The number of people suffering from mental disorders is particularly high amongst the camp population.
MSF working in Somalia
While MSF provides medical assistance to the tens of thousands of Somali who are fleeing Somalia to live in refugee camps in neighbouring Djibouti, Kenya and Yemen, the organisation is also working inside the country itself. In 2009, the Somali population continued to fall victim to indiscriminate violence, while severe drought plagued parts of the country. Millions of people urgently require health care, yet the enormous gap between the needs of Somalis and the humanitarian response on the ground continues to widen. MSF has worked continuously in Somalia for more than 17 years and is providing medical care in nine projects in the country. In the first six months of 2009 alone, MSF teams provided 376,000 outpatient consultations, including 164,000 for children under five. Over 22,000 women received antenatal care consultations and more than 13,300 people were admitted as inpatients to MSF supported hospitals and health clinics. There were 3,300 surgeries, 1,975 of which were injuries due to violence. Medical teams treated more than 1,400 patients for malaria and started 660 people on tuberculosis treatment. Nearly 15,000 people suffering from malnutrition were provided with food and medical care and 126,700 vaccinations were given. Over 1,500 Somali staff, supported by approximately 90 staff in Nairobi, are currently working for MSF, an organization that does not accept any government funding for its projects in Somalia, all its funding comes from private donors.