A joint operation to rescue people risking their lives on the dangerous sea crossing between Turkey and Greece has been launched by international medical organization Doctors without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and environmental organization Greenpeace.
MSF and Greenpeace teams are using three rigid hulled inflatable boats (RHIBs) based on the northern coast of Lesbos in Greece. They will coordinate with with the Greek coast guard. MSF medical teams are also on standby at landing sites to provide emergency care for people in critical condition and to ensure timely referrals to the hospital. This initiative will boost the efforts of volunteer groups already providing assistance to people crossing to the Greek islands.
Since November 28, MSF and Greenpeace teams have assisted hundreds of people, dozens of them from boats in obvious distress. On land, MSF medical teams have assisted 20 new arrivals for critical health issues, nine of whom were taken to hospital for specialist care.
'We were compelled to react'
In the coming days, MSF plans to provide three more RHIBs to further expand rescue capacity on other islands. Teams will help people on boats in distress and provide medical assistance once they arrive on land.
“Horrified by the unabated refugee crisis in the Mediterranean, we were compelled to act in whatever way we could,” says Alexandra Messare, Greenpeace Greece’s program director. “Fleeing conflict, poverty and human rights abuses in one's country of origin in the hope of a better life is not a crime. We believe that those with the capacity to help should do whatever they can. We have brought our maritime experience to this collaboration with MSF in the hope of saving lives.”
Despite deteriorating weather conditions as winter approaches, up to 140,000 people crossed from Turkey to the Greek islands in November alone, with 65 per cent landing on Lesbos, according to figures from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Since September, 330 people, most of them children, have lost their lives in the Aegean while attempting to reach safe haven in Europe.
MSF medical teams on Lesbos have conducted more than 10,000 medical consultations since July, including over 6,000 in the past two months alone. Since October, teams have seen increasing numbers of people suffering from respiratory-tract infections and hypothermia, linked to the increasingly rough seas and cold weather.
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'Only a temporary solution'
MSF sees its efforts in the Aegean as a temporary solution, and stresses that safe options must be found for people making the journey to Europe.
“Our activities in the Aegean are only a temporary solution to mitigate the suffering and loss of life we have seen in recent months,” says Marietta Provopolou , the general director of MSF Greece. “As the weather conditions worsen and the sea becomes even more dangerous, we know there will be new tragedies at sea.”
"Europe must stop shunning its responsibilities and provide safe and legal passage to people in search of safety," says Stefano Argenziano, MSF’s operations coordinator: “It is unacceptable that the main way to access international protection in Europe involves risking one’s life at sea – especially when allowing access to the EU via Turkey’s land border could prevent deaths. The EU and its member states must ensure a dignified and safe reception for migrants and refugees on the land border between Turkey and Greece.”
MSF is providing medical and psychological assistance to people arriving on the islands of Lesbos, Samos and on the Dodecanese islands in Greece. On Lesbos, MSF is providing transport for the new arrivals from the northern coast to the registration centre, we set up and give assistance in Matamados transit centre and provide medical care in the reception centres of Kara Tepe and Moria. In Samos, MSF teams provide medical screenings and care to new arrivals, along with essential relief itmes. In the Dodecanese islands, MSF is running mobile clinics and providing psychological first aid to the victims of shipwrecks. Since the beginning of its operations in the Greek islands, MSF teams have provided more than 22,100 medical consultations.